After this, they made a trip through Sweden to present her to the public. With the exception of suspicion in the religious question, however, Josephine's involvement in politics does not appear to have been ill-regarded, but rather she was considered as a good influence.  Although she was a devout Catholic, she agreed to raise her children in the Lutheran religion.  The 21 August 1823, Charles XIV John declared that this day, the same date he had been elected Crown Prince, should be the name day for Josephine, and henceforth be celebrated as Josephine-Day. She was also Princess of Bologna from birth and Duchess of Galliera from 1813. In 1865, she supported the foundation of the Catholic school of the nuns of the order of Saint Joseph of Chambéry in Oslo. As Crown Princess, she financially supported artist Sophie Adlersparre. English: Joséphine, Queen of Sweden and Norway (Joséphine Maximiliane Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais) (14 March, 1807 - 7 June, 1876) was the en:Queen consort of Oscar I of Sweden and Norway.She was known as Queen Josefina. Queen Josephine was admired for her selfless nursing of him the two years he was ill before his death. The Oscarshall Palace was reportedly mostly inspired by her. Josephine, who was at the time working to introduce freedom of religion, asked Oscar to convince the minister of religion to postpone the investigation against the women. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. Princess Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Queen consort of Sweden and Norway (* 14.3.1807, O 19.6.1823, † 7.6.1876) Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg Princess Amélie of Leuchtenberg, Empress consort of Brazil Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg: Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg (Swedish). She was known as Queen Josefina, […] She also expressed dislike of the annexation of the Papal States, and called 1870 a terrible year. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. Because of this, Oscar refused to be crowned in Norway as well. Privately, she is known to have tried to influence her mother-in-law to be more than a Catholic in name only: in 1844, her confessor stated that she had managed to convince her mother-in-law to attend confession for the first time in fifty years. In 1852, the first time Charles served as regent, during the royal couple's trip to Germany, it was noted that she said farewell to Charles and his advisers with the remark: "Well, now we will leave, and the gentlemen will rule...", a comment perceived as cold and skeptical. Josephine dari Leuchtenberg. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. Her biological grandfather had been executed during the Reign of Terror in 1794, and her grandmother, Joséphine de Beauharnais, married Napoleon only two years later. The first wedding ceremony was Catholic, and the second wedding ceremony was Lutheran. Through her mother (her maternal line of Hesse and upward through Hanau and Ansbach, Baden-Durlach and Kleeburg), Joséphine was a descendant of Gustav I of Sweden and Charles IX of Sweden, making her children descendants of Gustav Vasa. This was also done. At a ball in 1838 Fritz von Dardel described her: "As for the Crown Princess, she was beautiful and dignified, perhaps too thin but very intelligent and quite delightful toward all. Josephine had five children with Oscar; four sons and one daughter: Josephine's Coat of Arms as Queen of Sweden and Norway, Generations are numbered from the daughters-in-law of, Marriage to the Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway, Robert Braun (1950). Joséphine of Leuchtenberg or Joséphine de Beauharnais (Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais; 14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876) was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I. On their way back, they visited Norway, where Gustav died of pneumonia. Their private conferences were witnessed by the curious court, who could sometimes observe them discussing the matter in the palace garden out of hearing range. She did in fact use her influence for the benefit of the Catholics, and she cooperated with the Pope in this issue. She was the first of six children of Eugène de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg (1781 - 1824), and his wife, Princess Augusta of Bavaria (1788 - 1851).  For Swedes, however, the conversion from the Lutheran Church to another religion formally meant confiscation of property and banishment from the country. The couple reportedly developed a mutual attraction and fell in love when they saw each other, and therefore, the marriage was accepted by both families and duly arranged. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. The first such celebration took place that day at Drottningholm Palace, and Josephine Day was celebrated in Sweden for decades after that: it became a tradition for the public in Stockholm to travel to Drottningholm Palace at that day, where festivities had been arranged for them, and cheer for Josephine, who greeted them from a balcony. Hon var gift med kung Oscar I.. Josefina var äldsta dotter i syskonskaran, prinsessa av Bologna från födelsen och från 1813 hertiginna av Galliera i egen rätt. The relationship between Josephine and Oscar was initially described as a mutually happy one, and the couple shared their interests in culture, painting, writing and singing.  Josephine and Oscar, however, continued to appear together in public, and her dignified behavior placed the sympathies on her side. Learn how your comment data is processed. She is acknowledged as having introduced more liberal laws regarding religion. In her library, there were works about early Christian socialism, which appear to have been thoroughly read. Marie Anne Henriette Françoise de Pyvart de Chastullé, Lars Elgklou (1978). Her mother died at the age of 62 (Josephine was 44 years old). Her last words were: "I am going home now.  After the initial years, however, the relationship between Josephine and Désirée became more friendly and harmonious. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. Perhaps the most well-known of Oscar’s relationships was the one he had with famed actress Emilie Högquist. Her diary from this time is an excellent source, and in it, she describes in detail the hopeless situation in which she found herself. Already as Crown Princess, she was able to play the representational part that her mother-in-law was not able to fulfill, and she played a great role in making the new dynasty popular in Sweden.  In 1856, Oscar expressed himself in favor of freedom of religion. She was also Princess of Bologna from birth and Duchess of Galliera from 1813. The 22 May 1875 she reached Rome after Berlin, Munich and Innsbruck, and received the King of Italy and was guided by him through town. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB.  In 1835, her pain over Oscar's behavior caused her to take a trip to the spa Medevi to calm her nerves. Princess Joséphine married the Crown Prince by proxy at the Palais Leuchtenberg in Munich on 22 May 1823. Her paternal grandmother and namesake was Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie, the first wife of Napoleon: she was given the name 'Joséphine' by Napoleon's request. She was crowned in Sweden 28 September 1844, but not in Norway. After a few years though, the relationship between the two women improved. (Swedish) 276, Robert Braun (1950). Among other things, it did not have a proper church building, and she felt that the current Catholic priest, Jean Baptiste Gridaine, who was also the confessor of her mother-in-law, damaged the reputation of the Catholics because of it. Joséphine of Leuchtenberg (Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone) (14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876) was the Queen consort of King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway.She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded as a politically active consort.. Background. After Oscar ascended to the throne, he discontinued extramarital affairs. They returned to Bavaria, the native land of Joséphine’s mother, and her father was given the title Duke of Leuchtenberg. She supported the career of the painter (and Catholic convert) Sofia Adlersparre, and also encouraged the artistic interest and talent of her own daughter, Princess Eugenie, who became a talented amateur artist. During this time, there is a known occasion, which attracted attention. Six days after her arrival in Sweden, her middle name 'Napoléonne' was removed.  Charles XIV John had chosen Josephine of Leuchtenberg as candidate number two, because she had connections both to the old dynasties of Europe through her mother, and to the House of Bonaparte through her father, and thus, she "joined the new interests with the old", as he expressed the matter.. Rebels on the streets demanded a Republic and tried to cause an armed rebellion. Her father was reportedly not against her conversion to Lutheranism, but the Swedish representatives had apparently thought it necessary to offer her the option to keep her religion. The King and the Queen showed themselves to the public in the capital in their carriage. Her contacts with Emperor Napoleon III of France and Empress Eugenie is regarded to have been of certain importance during the 1850s European crisis. (The Silver Throne. The illness of the monarch made it necessary for a regency, and crown prince Charles was seen as the obvious choice. Her father was a Italian general. Granted, I have not heard this from court, but I believe it to be the truth. Out of the two royal spouses, she is, without question, believed to be the stronger character.”3. (The Silver Throne. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. Juni 1876 in Stockholm), auch Königin Josefina, auf Schwedisch Josefina av Leuchtenberg (Josephine von Leuchtenberg), war … No one has anything to reproach her for other than for her Catholic religion.”1 Joséphine got along exceptionally well with her father-in-law, which initially caused tension between her and the Queen, Désirée Clary. The official reason was that the ceremony was unnecessary, as the queen had no position in the Norwegian constitution, but it is acknowledged that the real reason was her religion: Queen Desideria had in fact not been crowned in Norway either.  During her later years as Crown Princess, this situation, which contributed to a conflict between the monarch and the Crown Prince, introduced Josephine to politics as she became active as a mediator between her spouse and her father-in-law. She brought a Catholic priest, and regularly attended mass and confession in her private Catholic chapel. Princess Joséphine of Leuchtenberg was born on March 14, 1807, in Milan, then in the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, now it Italy. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. She was crowned in Sweden 28 September 1844. Charles XIV John of Sweden feared the legitimist policy of the Congress of Vienna, and wished to give the House of Bernadotte connections through blood with old royal dynasties of Europe. Granted, I have not heard this from court, but I believe it to be the truth. In 1853-54, Swedish Lutherans were given the permission to attend Catholic sermons.. At her arrival in Sweden, she formed a close relationship with Princess Sophia Albertine of Sweden, who introduced her to this work by engaging her in Välgörande Fruntimmerssällskapet (The Charitable Women's Society) for the support of poor women. 2 Ways to Vote her Up! (The Silver Throne. and Eugène de Beauharnais was 25 years old when Josephine born.  Josephine described the years of Oscar's relationship with Emilie Högquist as a walk "through fire". Joséphine’s presence in Stockholm’s high society was an immediate success, and she became a very popular member of the royal family. (Swedish) page 246, Robert Braun (1950). The second wedding ceremony took place six days later. She was regarded as politically active during the reign of her spouse and acted as his political adviser, actively participating in government affairs. Foreign policy can be seen to have been affected by her sympathies and views. Joséphine of Leuchtenberg or Joséphine de Beauharnais (Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais; 14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876) was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. She also founded several charitable organizations herself. Her parents were French general Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria.  The Pope however appointed Johann Georg Huber. Mathilda d'Orozco described this view in a contemporary letter where she defended the queen against it: "She is pushing the King, it is said, the poor thing, to make him greet people, when they are out. Out of the two royal spouses, she is, without question, believed to be the stronger character." Her father was Eugène de Beauharnais, the son of Empress Joséphine (Napoleon Bonaparte‘s first wife) from her first marriage to Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais, who had been guillotined during the French Revolution.. After several years of suffering from poor health, Oscar passed away in 1859 and Joséphine became Queen Dowager. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, the nation's reigning monarch, is a direct descendant of Empress Joséphine through her son, the Duke of Leuchtenberg. Artist Fritz von Dardel said the following about her during a ball: “As for the Crown Princess, she was beautiful and dignified, perhaps too thin but very intelligent and quite delightful to all. She had a tense relationship with her eldest son. Josephine was also Queen of Norway. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. 16 September 1837, the Sankta Eugenia Church in Stockholm was founded in her presence, the effort of her and Studach’s work: this was the first Catholic church in Scandinavia since the Reformation, and became the first apostolic vicariate in Scandanvia: Norway was incorporated in 1841. The bride-to-be began taking Swedish lessons, and although she was a devout Catholic, she agreed to raise her future children according to the Lutheran religion. The summers were spent at the family’s residence in the nearby city of Monza.  In parallel, she assured the Queen and King of Prussia of her personal regard and offered them a safe haven if they should ever be forced out of Prussia. She was regarded as politically active during the reign of her spouse and acted as his political adviser, actively participating in government affairs. Through her maternal grandfather, Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, she was also one of the descendants of Renata of Lorraine, granddaughter of Christian II of Denmark. Her father was given the title Duke of Leuchtenberg and the former principality of Eichstätt in Bavaria as a fief. At the time of their accession to the throne, Joséphine’s role was described by feminist reformer Fredrika Bremer, who said that the new Queen “prefers to act out of her own pulse and will. (The Silver Throne.  Eventually, however, the riots were subdued with fire by the military. After the defeat of Napoleon that same year, her parents left for her maternal grandfather in Bavaria, and a little later, Joséphine and her siblings followed them in the company of Baron Darnay, earlier her father's secretary. Josephine arrived in Sweden in the company of her mother-in-law, Queen Desideria, who had been absent for eleven years. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded as a politically active consort. She founded the Sällskapet de fattigas vänner ('Friends of the Poor Society') for poor widows in 1826; Sällskapet för uppmuntran av öm och sedlig modersvård ('Society for Tender and Proper Motherly care') for the support of poor mothers in 1827; Sällskapet för arbetsamhetens uppmuntran ('Society for Work Encouagement'), an employment agency for women in 1833; and Kronprinsessans slöjdskola för fattiga flickor ('The Crown Princess’ Handcrafts School for Poor Girls'). Historien – eller historier – om en familj. They arrived in Manilla outside Stockholm 13 June 1823, where they were welcomed by King Charles XIV John, Crown Prince Oscar, military salutes and great crowds, and escorted to Haga Palace, where Josephine was embraced by Princess Sophia Albertina, Abbess of Quedlinburg. Josephine had separated Charles and Sparre by expelling Sparre from court in 1848, though she did not manage to save the marriage alliance with Prussia. In the summer of 1824, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess visited Christiania in Norway, where they engaged in many public appearances to make the monarchy popular. Her relationship to her father-in-law was very warm. (The Silver Throne. (Swedish) 297, Eugène de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Sällskapet för uppmuntran av öm och sedlig modersvård, François de Beauharnais, marquis de la Ferté-Beauharnais, Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg, Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach, Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt, Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg. Joséphine received a good education with classes in History, Mathematics, and Geography. In 1857, Oscar I became ill. It was also not a temporary affair, but a serious relationship, which began in 1836 and resulted in two sons: Max in 1839 and Hjalmar in 1840. The new Crown Princess was received by members of the Swedish royal family on the island of Djurgården and escorted to Haga Palace. Oscar had been given the task of temporary Viceroy during his visit, and Josephine was present at a box when he appeared before the Storting. She spent her first seven years in Italy. In 1843, she visited her mother in Munich. Reportedly, this was a memory that stayed with Joséphine. No, she died on 06/07/1876, 144 years ago. (Swedish) page 220, Robert Braun (1950). At this point, the King was too weak to wave, but Josephine did in fact hold and moved his hand in a wave. The royal family was, according to Count Löwenhielm, pale and seriously worried when he visited them at the time. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. (Swedish) page 230, Robert Braun (1950). Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. She invited the son of Napoleon III to Sweden, though he did not accept the invitation. Charles XIV John had chosen Josephine of Leuchtenberg as candidate number two, because she had connections both to the old dynasties of Europe through her mother, and to the House of Bonaparte through her father, and thus, she "joined the new interests with the old", as he expressed the matter. They also conducted a wedding ceremony in person on 19 June 1823 in Stockholm, Sweden. Holy Synod to meet this summer to discuss Yekaterinburg remains. This is so hard, so ungrateful...." In the autumn of 1857, she was forced to accept the appointment of Charles as regent. Josephine of Leuchtenberg claim to fame: Queen consort of Sweden and Norway. At the time Josephine became queen, Fredrika Bremer wrote of her, that she: "... prefers to act out of her own pulse and will. Joséphine’s father was the adopted child and step-son of Napoleon I. Copyright © 2021 | MH Magazine WordPress Theme by MH Themes. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. In 1872, Charles XV died, and Josephine's younger son Oscar II succeeded to the throne. (The Silver Throne. Charles never forgave Josephine for separating him from Sparre, and further more, it also caused him to be strongly anti-Catholic, because his blamed his mother's decision on her Catholic confessor Jacob Lorenz Studach. Her only daughter, Princess Eugenie, was a talented painter and Joséphine encouraged her interests. Despite her heartbreak, she continued to appear in public with her husband, and her dignity won the sympathies of the public.  (The Silver Throne. Biography Background. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. This was because Sweden had fought against Bonaparte in the recent war. In her retinue, she brought with her Bertha Zück, who she made her treasurer, and her Catholic confessor Jacob Lorentz Studach: until their death, they enjoyed such a close relationship that they were referred to as "The Trio". Josephine of Leuchtenberg. Prințesa Joséphine s-a căsătorit prin procură cu Oscar I la Palatul Leuchtenberg din München la 22 mai 1823 și în persoană la 19 iunie la Stockholm. Josephine was a social success in Sweden from the moment of her arrival, both as a private person in the circles of high society as well as a public person, and was to become more popular as Queen than her predecessor and successor. 1. The oldest of seven children, Joséphine spent the first years of her childhood in Milan, where the family lived at Villa Bonaparte. In 1875, she visited Pope Pius IX in Rome, a pilgrimage she had long wished to make. Joséphine of Leuchtenberg or Joséphine de Beauharnais (Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone) (14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876) was Queen consort of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I.She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded to be politically active during the reign of her spouse.She acted as his political adviser and actively participated in state affairs. She was reportedly very moved, and her own words in a letter are often quoted: "This was a day of a half a century, that I shall never forget until my dying day: my heart will always keep it in fond memory... at last, my dearest friend, have I with movement witnessed, how Protestant Sweden so unanimously celebrated a Catholic Queen.  Oscar always supported her religious rights, regardless of their personal relationship. (Swedish) page 161, Robert Braun (1950). Josephine of Leuchtenberg : biography 14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876 Queen In 1844, Josephine became Queen of Sweden and Norway at the accession of her spouse. Subscribe to our free weekly newsletter and join our 5,646 subscribers to stay up to date on History of Royal Women's articles! The marriage of his son and heir to the throne, Crown Prince Oscar, was the solution to this problem, and in 1822, he finally forced his son to agree to marry and to make a trip to Europe to inspect a list of potential candidates for the position of Crown Princess and Queen. (The Silver Throne. In Lisbon, her dying sister wished for her to see the palaces of Cintra and Montserrat before her return. As queen dowager, she lost all political influence and devoted herself to her charitable activities and her interest in the Catholic congregation and its issues. This had happened during the same time when negotiations were being conducted to marry Charles to Louise of Prussia in 1846. (Swedish) page 263, Robert Braun (1950).  3 June 1875, Josephine was given communion by the Pope followed by a public dinner, alongside her niece Princess Mathilde Viano and her maid of honor Rosalie Muffat, who was the first non-royal woman to have done both. (The Silver Throne. . Charles had been deeply in love with her maid of honor Sigrid Sparre. It is confirmed that, when a crisis occurred, the king and the queen withdrew in private to discuss the matter before the king made a decision. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Queen Josephine of Leuchtenberg of Norway and Sweden, the consort of Oscar I, asked for the one known remaining relic of St. Olaf, an ulna or radius in a medieval reliquary in the Danish National Museum, from King Frederick VII of Denmark, which he gave to her and which she in turn gave to St. Olaf's Cathedral in Oslo in August 1862. She is acknowledged as having introduced more liberal laws regarding religion. Photograph of Josephine of Leuchtenberg as Queen Dowager (1874) Joséphine of Leuchtenberg ( Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone ) (14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876) was Queen consort of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I . She thus lost all of her political influence and spent the following years committed to philanthropy and travelled across Europe to visit relatives. The Year of the Duchess of Windsor (2021), Burial places of the Queens and Consorts of England, Burial places of the Queens Consort of France, Burial places of the Queens and Consorts of Portugal, Burial Places of the Queens and Consorts of Spain, Carolina of Orange-Nassau – Ancestress of the Royal Houses of Europe, Queen Wilhelmina – A collection of articles. However, by that time, that old law was considered to shame the reputation of Sweden and the banishment a scandal, and in 1860, Charles saw himself obliged to finally introduce freedom of religion. Her Catholicism was the only thing which somewhat affected her popularity within some circles of society. (The Silver Throne. (Swedish) 283, Robert Braun (1950). In 1822, 15-year old Joséphine met her future husband, Crown Prince Oscar of Sweden, who was travelling around Europe looking for a suitable spouse. Silvertronen, En bok om drottning Josefine av Sverige-Norge. Joséphine of Leuchtenberg was born Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone on 14 March 1807 in Milan, Italy. Robert Braun (1950). She was pointed out, among others by her son, Charles, to have been responsible for the November treaty between Sweden-Norway, France and Great Britain against Russian expansionism in 1855. The family spent their summers at Eichstätt and their winters in Munich with Augusta's family. She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded as a … Drottning Josefina av Sverige och Norge. (The Silver Throne. She attended mass there herself on Sundays. I thank and praise God for it..." . On 13 June 1873, Josephine celebrated what has been called the second biggest celebration of her life, when she received the public's adoration during the celebration of her fifty years in Sweden. It is noted, that she followed the French tradition by wearing the colour of violet as mourning colour rather than black: violet was her favourite colour in any event, and she would wear it for the rest of her life. Charles, who was anti-Catholic, worked against his mother's plans, and used the help of people such as the vicar Nils Johan Ekdahl, who belonged to the opponents of the Queen because of her religion and political influence.  In 1832, a year after the birth of her last child, she wrote in her diary about the contemporary view that a woman was expected to endure a husband's extramarital affairs: A woman should suffer in silence, and that she found this contemporary view unjust. Josephine reportedly asked Oscar not to fire at the crowds during the riots. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Her interest in art was active and genuine. Josephine of Leuchtenberg Josephine of Leuchtenberg. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. In 1814, Augusta joined her father at his military headquarters at Mantua, where she gave birth to Théodolinde de Beauharnais, Joséphine's youngest sister. (Swedish) page 195, Robert Braun (1950). A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB. In 1817, three years after Josephine's death, Eugène's father-in-law granted him the title of Duke of Leuchtenberg. In 1866, she shared the royal couple's negative views about the parliamentary reform.  Queen Dowager Josephine was known for acting as nurse during illness in the family, and her relationship with Charles improved in his last years, when his health deteriorated and he became a Freemason and thereafter saw less differences in Catholicism and Protestantism.  Her husband's relationship with the famed actress Emilie Högquist was well known. Your data will be shared with Google and other ad vendors. März 1807 in Mailand; † 7. In 1836, she received a visit from her mother and her brother and two sisters. Described as beautiful and charming, Joséphine was adored by the public and impressed everyone with her fluency in the Swedish language. This caused rumors that she was afraid to lose her political position. Josephine supported the first post-reformation Catholic Churches in Gothenburg, Sweden in 1862 and in Bergen, Norway in 1866. Scroll down and check out her short and medium hairstyles. She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded to be politically active during the reign of her spouse. This article was written by Sophie Strid. Numerous pieces of the family's jewelry are said to have come from Joséphine's collections. (The Silver Throne. When Josephine born she was 18 years old. Josefina Maximiliana Eugenia Napoleona av Leuchtenberg, född den 14 mars 1807 i Milano, död 7 juni 1876 i Stockholm, var Sveriges och Norges drottning 1844–1859. She was described as charming, beautiful and dignified, and she was also regarded as gifted: she impressed by being able to speak the Swedish language almost fluently at her arrival. Josephine (1807-1876), in Swedish Josefina, was a Princess of Leuchtenberg and by marriage became Queen of Sweden and Norway. (Swedish) page 269-70, Robert Braun (1950). Joséphine of Leuchtenberg or Joséphine de Beauharnais (Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais; 14 March 1807 – 7 June 1876) was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I, as well as Princess of Bologna from birth and Duchess of Galliera from 1813. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. Her childhood is described as happy. A little later, Joséphine and her siblings joined their mother in the fortress at Mantua in a procession of carriages with their courtiers. No one has anything to reproach her for other than for her Catholic religion.". Already as a Crown Princess, she received petitioners asking for help twice a week, and her activity expanded over the years. A Book about Queen Josefine of Sweden-Norway) Stockholm: Norlin Förlag AB.